Analyzing Bolt Food’s Exit from Nigeria and South Africa

Bolt Food, the food delivery arm of the popular ride-hailing company Bolt, has recently made headlines with its decision to exit both the Nigerian and South African markets. This abrupt departure, only two years after entering these bustling economies, has sparked questions about the challenges and dynamics of the food delivery market in Africa.

Bolt Food announced its exit from Nigeria in December 2023, citing a comprehensive evaluation of its performance and a strategic realignment towards more lucrative segments. The company assured stakeholders that this decision was specific to the Nigerian market and would not impact its operations in other African countries. However, shortly after, Bolt Food confirmed a similar shutdown in South Africa on December 8, 2023.

Commonalities Between Nigeria and South Africa

Economic Landscape

Nigeria and South Africa, being among the largest and most populous economies in Africa, with a combined GDP exceeding $700 billion and a population surpassing 300 million, share common economic ground. Both nations boast a growing middle class, expected to be a driving force behind the increasing demand for online food delivery services.

Market Potential

Despite their economic prowess, both countries face unique challenges in their respective food delivery markets. According to Statista, South Africa’s online food delivery market is projected to reach $2.10 billion in revenue in 2023, while Nigeria’s market was estimated to be worth $834.7 million in 2022.

Challenges in Nigeria

In Nigeria, the food delivery market’s estimated value in 2022 was significant, but the nation grappled with the continent’s highest inflation rate, reaching 18.17% in March 2023. This economic strain reduced consumer purchasing power, impacting the affordability and attractiveness of food delivery services.

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Bolt Food faced fierce competition in Nigeria from established players like Jumia Food, Gokada, and O-Foods, who enjoyed a larger market share, extensive networks, and loyal customer bases. Despite substantial investments, Bolt Food only managed to capture 5% of the Nigerian market.

Challenges in South Africa

In South Africa, while the food delivery market projected substantial growth, the nation faced challenges such as civil unrest and severe power crises. The central bank projected significant financial losses due to these issues.

Both countries experienced stringent policies and currency depreciation, impacting operational costs. South Africa’s rand depreciated by approximately 10%, while Nigeria’s naira weakened by 26% against the dollar, reaching a record low.

Bolt Food’s exit from these markets is strategic, aiming to streamline resources and maximize efficiency. The company expressed intentions to refocus on core verticals, including ride-hailing, e-scooters, and e-bikes, aligning with its long-term strategy.

Assessing the African Food Delivery Market

The African food delivery market has attracted substantial investments, indicating its potential. Glovo and Chowdeck secured significant funding for expansion, reflecting the belief in the continent’s growth opportunities.

However, challenges such as managing customer expectations, ensuring food safety, coping with market price fluctuations, and overcoming logistical barriers persist. Additionally, economic downturns have impacted the middle-class market, the primary target for food delivery services.

Food delivery providers must adopt context-specific and customer-centric approaches, recognizing the diverse nature of the African market. This involves addressing varying spending habits, preferences, and economic realities.


Bolt Food’s exit from Nigeria and South Africa underscores the complexity of the African food delivery market. While the continent presents immense opportunities, providers must navigate economic challenges, intense competition, and nuanced consumer behaviors to thrive in this dynamic landscape.

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