Challenging Times as Nigeria’s Inflation Soars to 29.90% in January 2024

In the latest inflation report unveiled by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Nigeria witnesses a significant surge in its inflation rate, reaching 29.90% in January 2024. This uptick marks a notable increase from the 28.92% recorded in the previous month, reflecting heightened inflationary pressures within the nation’s economy.

Year-on-Year Analysis

Comparing January 2024 with the same period in the preceding year, the inflation rate experienced a substantial leap, standing at 21.82% in January 2023. This significant increase of 8.08% points underscores the accelerated inflationary trend gripping the Nigerian economy.


Month-on-Month Trends

On a month-on-month basis, the headline inflation rate for January 2024 surged to 2.64%, outpacing the 2.29% observed in December 2023 by 0.35% points. This uptick reflects a heightened rise in the average price level for January 2024, indicating escalating inflationary pressures within the economy.

Food Inflation

The NBS reports a remarkable surge in food inflation for January 2024, reaching a year-on-year high of 35.41%. This substantial increase from January 2023’s 24.32% underscores a pronounced rise in the cost of essential food items. Notable price hikes in commodities such as bread, cereals, potatoes, yams, oils, fats, fish, meat, fruits, coffee, tea, and cocoa have contributed to this inflationary pressure.

Core Inflation

Core inflation, excluding volatile agricultural produce and energy prices, witnessed a significant increase in January 2024, reaching 23.59% on a year-on-year basis. This marks a notable uplift of 4.71% points from January 2023, reflecting broad-based inflationary pressures across various sectors such as passenger transport, medical services, housing rentals, pharmaceutical products, and accommodation services.

Urban and Rural Inflation Dynamics

Urban inflation surged to 31.95% in January 2024, marking a substantial 9.40% points increase from January 2023. Similarly, rural inflation witnessed an upward trajectory, reaching 28.10% in January 2024, compared to 21.13% in January 2023. These statistics indicate a significant escalation in inflationary pressures within both urban and rural areas, impacting the cost of living for residents across Nigeria.

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The surge in inflation to 29.90% in January 2024 poses significant challenges for Nigeria’s economy, including reduced purchasing power, increased production costs, and heightened economic uncertainty. Policymakers face the daunting task of implementing measures to curb inflationary pressures while promoting sustainable economic growth and stability.

In conclusion, Nigeria’s inflationary landscape demands urgent attention and proactive measures to address the underlying economic vulnerabilities. As the nation navigates these challenging times, concerted efforts from both government and stakeholders are essential to mitigate the adverse effects of inflation and foster a conducive environment for economic prosperity.



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